工程爆破

2019, v.25;No.108(02) 73-79

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爆炸防控技术在爆破工程警务规划和技术评估中应用
Application of the technology of prevention and control to explosion on the programming and evaluation in police affairs on blasting engineering

章文义;陈忠洋;虞俊豪;
ZHANG Wen-yi;CHEN Zhong-yang;YU Jun-hao;Department of Command and Tactic in Police Affairs of Jiangsu Police Institute;Public Security Squad of Yixing Public Security Bureau;

摘要(Abstract):

通过介绍爆炸防控技术概念的内涵和外延,说明了爆破工程警务规划设计和技术评估的目的,就是有效防止或遏制涉爆事故,维护社会公共安全。在对一项复杂环境下的基础开挖爆破工程实施警务规划设计和技术评估时,警务技术民警对照爆破作业设计施工单位技术方案中的参数,现场核实需要保护的建筑和重要设施,准确测量保护目标与爆区的实际距离,分析是否存在影响爆破工程实施的不稳定因素,确认上述参数符合安全要求后做出准予爆破许可的建议。爆破工程警务规划设计和技术评估的要点就是要通过现场核查,核实爆破有害效应是否可控,能否确保爆破施工时周边保护目标的安全。
The connotation and extension of the technology of prevention and control to explosion is discussed in this paper. Its brief purpose is to prevent or contain explosion-related accidents effectively and maintain social public safety. Based on a real blasting project in complex surroundings, the technical policeman launched the work of the technology of prevention and control to explosion. He checked the parameters in the technical scheme designed by the engineers of blasting unit. He also verified the buildings and important facilities that need to be protected around the blasting area. He measured the actual distance between the protection target and the blasting area accurately. And he analyzed the unsafe factors that would affect the implementation of the blasting project. After confirming that the parameters meet with the safety requirements, he give the suggestions for permission of blasting project. The key points and method of programming and evaluation in police affairs on blasting engineering is through the technical policeman should do this work on site to verify whether the harmful effects of blasting can be controlled,and can it be ensured safety of peripheral protection target in blasting construction.

关键词(KeyWords): 爆炸防控;爆破工程;警务规划;技术评估
prevention and control to explosion;engineering blasting;police affairs programming;technology evaluation

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作者(Author): 章文义;陈忠洋;虞俊豪;
ZHANG Wen-yi;CHEN Zhong-yang;YU Jun-hao;Department of Command and Tactic in Police Affairs of Jiangsu Police Institute;Public Security Squad of Yixing Public Security Bureau;

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